[:de]Ein Rhinoceros für Karonga[:en]A Rhinoceros for Karonga[:]

[:de]Das Cultural & Museum Center Karonga hat ein neues Ausstellungsstück

Prüfung der Vollständigkeit

Am 22.06.2016 konnte das Cultural & Museum Center Karonga (CMCK) die Ankunft eines neuen Ausstellungsstückes feiern: das montierte Skelett eines weiblichen Spitzmaulnashorns namens Chimwemwe. das bedeutet “Freude”. Sie war im Jahre 2000 vom Krüger-Nationalpark, Südafrika, in den Liwonde-Nationalpark, Malawi, verbracht worden, als Teil eines dritten Nashornpaares zur Wiederansiedlung der Art. Die Umsiedlung hat sie nicht vertragen und so starb sie schon nach drei Monaten. Ihre Knochen wurden im September 2002 von Prof. Dr. Friedemann Schrenk und Mike Labuschagne, dem Manager des Liwondeparks, eingesammelt. Sie zeigten, dass sie jung war, 7 Jahre, und in einem frühen Stadium ihrer ersten Schwangerschaft. Zunächst waren sie Studienmaterial für Studenten bei den paläontologischen Ausgrabungen im Malema Camp südlich von Karonga.

Chimwemwe, Skelett

Letztendlich sollten sie das CMCK bereichern und so lud Prof. Schrenk im Jahre 2009 Eric Milsom, Fossilienpräparator am Hessischen Landesmuseum Darmstadt, und seine Frau Bettina Henrich, zoologische Präparatorin am Naturhistorischen Museum Mainz, beide Uraha-Mitglieder, zur Begutachtung nach Karonga, Da sauber und so gut wie vollständig, wurde der Plan zur Aufstellung des Skelettes gefasst und im Mai und Juni 2016 in fünf Wochen von Eric und Bettina in die Tat umgesetzt. Alle Arbeiten geschahen am Haus von Prof. Schrenk und die beiden wurden bestens von Hausmeister und Koch Christopher Sikazwe versorgt.

Restaurationsteam

Nach einer Reinigung mit Waschmitteln und Wasser wurden die Knochen nach der Trocknung mit verschiedenen Klebern und Metallteilen stückweise zusammen gesetzt und die Wirbelsäule dabei auf ein Metallrohr gezogen. Die fehlenden sieben Fußknochen wurden vom Holzschnitzer James Phiri nachgeschnitzt und im Fußskelett eingebaut. Das Metallgestell, auf dem das Skelett letztendlich montiert ist, wurde vom Mdoka Welding Shop mit Mathews Mkambala und Tasohwa Tomosa zusammen geschweißt. Räder wurden angebracht zur leichten Beweglichkeit. Die Bodenplatte aus Holz, auf dem Metallrahmen, fertigte der Schreiner Kingston Silachi. Ein Lastwagen brachte das Skelett mit Gestell sehr vorsichtig unter großer Anteilnahme von Zuschauern ins Museum. Dort bietet es als Säugetierskelett einen interessanten Vergleich zum Skelett des Malawisaurus und dürfte noch weitere und neue didaktische Elemente einbringen.[:en]The Cultural & Museum Center Karonga has a new exhibit

On the 22nd June 2016 the Cultural & Museum Center Karonga (CMCK) celebrated the arrival of a new exhibit: the mounted skeleton of a female Black Rhinoceros called Chimwemwe (in the local language Chichewa) which means JOY. The Rhinoceros had been sent in October 2000 from the Kruger National Park in South Africa to the Liwonde National Park in Malawi as part of the third rhinoceros pair for resettlement. But the resettlement for Chimwemwe was so traumatic that she died after just three months, shortly after she was released from the boma into the fenced reserve. When the body was found it was already decayed so it was not possible to find out the cause of death. As her horns were still there pouching was unlikely to be the reason. Her bones were collected in September 2002 by Prof Dr Friedemann Schrenk and Mike Labuschagne the manager of the Liwonde Park. The bones and the teeth showed that she was young, between 8 – 9 years old (because the last molar M3 had not yet erupted), and she also was in the early stages of her first pregnancy. First of all the bones were used as study material for students at the Palaeontological Excavation site of the Malema Camp to the south of Karonga. So it was considered that these bones could enhance the display in the CMCK. In August 2009 Prof Schrenk invited to Karonga Eric Milsom Fossil Conservator from the Hessian State Museum Darmstadt (Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt) and his wife Bettina Henrich Zoological Taxidermist from the Natural History Museum Mainz (Naturhistorisches Museum Mainz), who are both Uraha Foundation members. The object of this visit was to investigate the condition and the completeness of the specimen: it was found that the bones were naturally preserved and fully cleaned by natural decay and in good condition and that the specimen was nearly complete. So a plan was made to mount the skeleton for the museum. This plan was put into action in May and June 2016, which took Eric and Bettina 5 weeks to complete. All the work was conducted at the house of Prof Schrenk in Karonga Old Town where they were well catered for by the caretaker/cook Christopher Sikazwe. After cleaning with detergents and water, which took about three days, the bones were allowed to dry, after this the bones were ready for mounting. First the pelvis and the vertebra column were fixed together on a supportive metal tube running through the neural canal. The tube could be drilled (for inserting a fixing metal wire) and bent as needed. The bones were secured together on it with a two component polyester resin adhesive, as were the ribs attached later. This adhesive and metal rods served also to fit the leg bones together. The foot bones were put together with hot wax. Eight foot bones were missing so these were carved in wood by the wood carver James Phiri and they were then inserted in the feet of the skeleton in their respective positions, this also helped in stabilizing the feet. The metal armature on which the skeleton was mounted was welded together by Mathews Mkambala & Tasohwa Tomosa from the Mdoka Welding Shop in Karonga. Wheels were fitted to the base of the mount to make mobility easier. The carpenter Kingston Silachi made the wooden base plate to fit the metal base frame. With the skeleton now finished, a lorry came and brought the skeleton to the museum (Slowly and very carefully) under the view of many amazed local spectators in the town. Now in the museum it offers as a mammalian skeleton an interesting comparison to the Malawisaurus (which is a reptile) and also adds another new dimension to the museums display.

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